I-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate prepositions from the box:


With            from            to                for               about          in                at


1.     Please help me with this heavy suitcase.

2.     I can’t discuss these problems with you      

3.     The headmaster introduced the teacher to the students.

4.     She always borrows books from the library.

5.     They admire this boy for bravery.

6.     I will apply for a job soon.

7.     It is unkind to laugh at a person who is in trouble.

8.     All my children are interested in collecting stamps.

9.     She is always ready to argue with her brother about politics.

10.Ahmed believes in fresh air and exercise for his health.



II-Fill in the blanks with “so as to,» “so as not to,» or “so that”.

1.     People on bicycles should wear orange coatsso that drivers can see them in the dark.

2.     The test questions are kept secretso as to prevent cheating.

3.     We ran to the station so as not to miss the train.

4.     He hid behind the door so that his father couldn’t see him.

5.     Amine often goes to bed early so as to get plenty of sleep


III-Rewrite the following sentences as indicated:

Used to

1.     She had a lot of money, but now she doesn’t.

She used to have a lot of money, but now she doesn’t.

2.     Karim stopped playing the piano two years ago. Now, he plays the guitar.

Karim used to play the piano  but now, he plays the guitar.

Not only ….. but also

3.     My husband was a bank-manager. He was a businessman, too.

Not only was my husband a bank manager but also (he was also) a businessman

4.     Those soldiers killed old men. They killed children, too.

   Not only did the soldiers kill the old men but also (they (also) killed) children

          Reported speech + reporting verbs

5.     “Don’t go near the fire; otherwise you’ll get burned.” The father said to his    


    The father warned his son not to go near the fire; otherwise he’d get burned

6.     “I’ve stolen all the money,” the son said.

    The son admitted that he’d stolen the money.

7.     “Why don’t you sell your old car and buy a new one.” She told me.

    She suggested that I should sell my old car and buy a new one.

8.     “You should stay in bed.” The doctor said to him.

    The doctor advised him to stay in bed.

9.     “I’ve broken the window.” The boy said.

    The boy admitted that he’d broken the window.

10.“I’ll write a book about the Gulf War.” The journalist said.

    The journalist declared that he’d write a book about the gulf war.

11.“The attempt is unsuccessful.” The man said.

The man described the attempt as unsuccessful.

The ………………………. The ………….…………..

12.                        If it rains more, farmers will be very happy.

    The more it rains, the happier farmers will be

13.If you win more gold medals, you’ll be more famous.

    The more gold medals you win, the more famous you’ll be.

14.She was more and more dishonest. She had less and less friends

The more dishonest she was, the les friends she had.

15.Someone is watering the garden at the moment.

The passive voice                     

    The garden is being watered at the moment.

16.They sold the car yesterday.                                           

    The car was sold the day before.

17.We learn English at this school.                                       

English is learned at this school

18.They were painting the classroom.                                            

    The classroom was being painted.

19.They had not seen him for two days.                               

He hadn’t been seen for 2 days.

20.They have not milked the cows yet.                                          

    The cows haven’t been milked yet.

21.He did not put the book back into its proper place.                   

    The book wasn’t put back into its proper place.

22.They had to push their car to get it start.                                   

          The car had to be pushed to get it start.

23.The student must do their homework.                             

          The homework must be done.

24.They should clean the house every week.                                  

    The house should be cleaned (or cleant) every week.

25.The school will perform Shakespeare’s Hamlet.                        

    Shakespeare’s Hamlet will be performed (by the school).

26.He ought to see a doctor soon.                                       

    A doctor ought to be seen soon.

27.They can send a letter from Italy.                                              

    A letter can be sent from Italy.

28.They may miss the train.                                                 

    The train may be missed.

Conditional 2

29.He does not take any exercise; that is why he is weak.

If he took exercises, he wouldn’t be weak.

30.We do not have any matches, so we cannot light a fire.

If we had matches, we could light a fire.


IV-Fill in the blanks with one of the words from the list:


In any case, as far as, nevertheless, since, even if, on the other hand, so:

8.     As far as food is concerned, I like spaghetti very much.

9.     He is late but in any case it doesn’t matter.

10. Even if she is tired, she’ll come.

11. Since you feel tired, you should have a rest.

12.She caught a cold, so she could not come to the party.

13.They work very hard nevertheless they don’t earn much money.

14. On the one hand,  this colour TV  is of high quality, but on the other hand it costs more than I wish to pay.


V- Rewrite these sentences replacing the words underlined by the forms in the box:

Needn’t, had to, mustn’t, didn’t have to, has to, will have to, will not have to

Modals (present, past, future)

8.     It is unnecessary for you to buy another ticket.

You needn’tbuy another ticket.

9.     It is necessary for the driver to do what the policeman says.

The driver has to do what the policeman says.

10.It is necessary for them not to be late.

They mustn’t be late.

11.It was necessary for me to walk to work because I missed the bus.

I had to walk to work because I missed the bus.

12.It wasn’t necessary for us to walk. She took us in her car.

13.We didn’t have to walk. She took us in her car.

14.It isn’t necessary for you to drive fast; we have plenty of time.

15.You needn’t drive fast, ; we have plenty of time.


16.It will be necessary for these students to live in the boarding.

17.The students will have to live in the boarding.


VI- Rewrite the following sentences beginning with “if”:

Conditional 3

6.     She didn’t drive carefully; that’s why she had a serious accident.

If she had drove carefully, she wouldn’t have had a serious accident.

7.     My friend didn’t have a visa. So she didn’t travel to the USA.

If she had had a visa, she‘d  have travelled to the USA.

8.     She didn’t know that she was in hospital. So she didn’t visit her.

If she had known that she was in hospital, she’d have visited her.

9.     Farid stayed out late last night. His father scolded him.

If Farid hadn’t stayed out late last night, his father wouldn’t have scolded him.

10.The teacher punished Jane because she didn’t do her homework.

If Jane had done her homework, the teacher would not have punished her.


B- Vocabulary

I- Match the words and their meanings:

1.     Masterpiece           (c)     a.       a story written in a form suitable for a film

2.     Sob                       (e)      b.       distressing

3.     Screenplay             (a)      c.       a piece of work, especially art done with

wonderful skill.

4.     Trying                   (b)     d.       without limit

5.     Sweeping               (d)     e.       to weep, cry

6.     Incredible              (g)     f.       never having happened before

7.     Unprecedented      (f)      g.       surprising and wonderful

II-Match the words and their meanings:

1.     Brainless      (d)               a.       without value

2.     Jobless        (h)               b.       not able to speak.

3.     Penniless     (i)                c.       courageous.

4.     Scoreless     (f)                d.       stupid

5.     Speechless   (b)               e.       having no children.

6.     Worthless    (a)                f.       without any points.

7.     Hairless       (j)                g.       hurting

8.     Childless      (e)               h.       unemployed

9.     Painful         (g)               i.        Having no money

10. Fearless       (c)               j.        bald

III-Match the words and their definitions:

1.     Crash          (f)                a.       to blow up or burst.

2.     Explode       (a)                b.       great overflow of water.

3.     Battlefield    (f)                c.       to hurt or damage.

4.     Harm           (c)               d.       to have a sudden, violent and noisy accident.

5.     Flood          (b)               e.       to go down to the bottom of water.

6.     Powerful      (g)               f.       a place where a battle is or was fought.

7.     Sink             (e)                g.       very strong or having a strong effect.

IV-Match these words and their definitions:


1.     Abolish         (©)              a.       in good health

2.     Burden         (f)                b.       extremely fat

3.     Deadline       (h)               c.       to stop and bring to an end.      

4.     Fit                (a)               d.       like a man

5.     Manly           (d)               e.       feeling of nervous strain.

6.     Obese           (b)               f.       a heavy load.

7.     Promotion    (g)               g.       advancement in rank or position.

8.     Tension        (e)                h.       a date or time before which something must be


V-Match the words and their and their definitions:

1.     Garbage        (c)               a.       intended to be used once and then thrown


2.     Appetite        (f)                b.       the act of getting rid of.

3.     Give off        (i)                c.       waste material to be thrown away.

4.     Law              (e)               d.       something which causes damage.

5.     Spoil            (h)               e.       set of rules which govern a country.

6.     Disposable    (a)               f.       desire.

7.     Instant          (g)               g.       of food which can be made up easily for use.

8.     Recycle        (j)                h.       to make bad.

9.     Disposal       (b)               i.        send out.

10. Harmful        (d)               j.        to pass a substance that has already been used                                                through a system of treatment so that it is fit to

use  again

VI-Match the words and their meanings:

1.     Poison                   (e)                a.       to move or advance slowly and quietly.

2.     Squander      (g)               b.       completely destructive.

3.     Devastating   (b)               c.       to become worse.

4.     Deteriorate    (c)               d.       dead things and troubles.

5.     Creep           (a)               e.       to make dangerously impure.

6.     Ultimately     (h)               f.       amount if something compared to something


7.     Ills                (d)               g.       to waste and spend foolishly.

8.     Rate             (f)                h.       in the end.

VII-Match the words and their definitions:


1.     Threat           (c)               a.       necessary and very important.

2.     Amount        (e)                b.       to keep in existence.

3.     Prevent         (g)               c.       something regarded as a possible danger.

4.     Essential       (a)                d.       to ruin completely.

5.     agreement     (h)               e.       quantity

6.     Destroy        (d)               f.       to finish, especially in a particular place.

7.     Maintain        (b)               g.       to stop something happening.

8.     End up         (g)               h.       an arrangement or promise, as made between


 VIII-Match these words and their definitions and meanings:

1.     lag                (b)               a.       a person who is able to read and write

2.     link               (©)              b.       to move or develop more slowly than others

3.     literate           (a)               c.       connection

4.     fearless         (g)               d.       believable

5.     restful           (i)                e.       eatable

6.     credible        (d)               f.       suitable, qualified

7.     restless         (h)               g.       brave

8.     edible           (e)                h.       never quiet

9.     eligible (f)                i.        peaceful

10.Base             (k)               j.        something that need consideration, service,


11.pregnancy     (l)                k.       the bottom of something

12.Handicap      (j)                l.    the condition of having an unborn baby.

 VIV-Match these words and their synonyms


1.     run out                  (e)                a.       bad –tempered

2.     discontented                   (f)                b.       obligatory

3.     irritable                  (a)                c.       end

4.     expand                  (h)               d.       unlucky

5.     compulsory           (b)               e.       selfish

6.     obstacle                (g)               f.       displeased

7.     self-centered          (e)                g.       barrier

8.     unfortunate            (d)               h.       enlarge


VV-Match the words and their meanings:

1.     Capture                 (d)               a.   with not enough of

2.     Wealthy                 (c)               b.   Commerce.

3.     Outbreak               (h)               c.   rich

4.     Short of                (a)               d.   To take prisoner.

5.     Refuge                   (g)               e.   To cause to fail.

6.     characteristic         (l)                f.   An effort made to do something.

7.     Trade                    (b)               g.  Shelter or a place of protection.

8.     Deprive of             (j)                h.  A sudden appearance of something.

9.     Defeat                   (e)               i.   Established socially accepted practice.

10. Prejudice               (k)               j.   To take away from by force.

11. Custom                 (i)                k.  Unreasoning opinion or dislike.

12. Attempt                 (f)                l.   feature.

VVI- Match these words and their synonyms:

1.     Discrimination       (d)               a.   Extremist

2.     Fanatic                  (a)                b.   Varied

3.     Achievement          (©)              c.   Accomplishment

4.     Tolerance              (e)                d.   Bias

5.     Attempt                 (f)                e.   Permissiveness

6.     Trade                    (g)               f.   Try

7.     Heterogeneous       (b)               g.  commerce.



II-Match the statement and their functions:

1.     I am absolutely sure he is ill.                     (d)     a.       improbability

2.     I bet he’ll pass the exam                           (©)    b.       possibility

3.     It is unlikely he’ll meet her at the airport.   (a)      c.       probability.

4.     There’s a chance he’ll win the race.          (b)     d.       certainty.

5.     I’m sure he can’t ride a bicycle.                (e)      e.       impossibility

III-What would you say in thee situations:

1.     A: Do you think Brazil will win the 2010 World Cup?

B: (express possibility)

Brazil can win the 2010 World Cup.

2.     A: do you think you’ll have a good mark in the next test:

B: (express certainty)

I’ m absolutely sure I’ll have a good mark in the next test

3.     A: Do you think America will have bases on the moon.

B: (express probability)

It’s likely that America will have bases on the moon.

4.     A: do you think scientists will find a cure for AIDS this year?

B:(express improbability)

It’s improbable that scientists will find a cure for AIDS this year.


IV-Start the following sentences with the given words:


11.“Let’s go to the cinema.”                        

12.My father suggests that we should go to the cinema.

13.“Why don’t we paint the kitchen white?” 

14.the wife suggests that we should paint the kitchen white.

15.“Let’s not start yet.”                               

16.             he suggests that we should not start yet.

17.“Shall we send him a letter?”                   

18.My friend suggests that we should send him a letter.

19.“Let’s wash the car, shall we?”                

20.             I suggest that we should wash the car.









D-Vocabulary exercises

I-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the box:

Recovery      setting                   harmless      last              reject           disaster

envy                      walks                    nutrition                         accelerate

8.     I don’t envy you your journeys in this bad weather.

9.     The dog seems fierce, but it is harmless because it has never bitten anyone.

10.I am sorry to reject all your suggestions because they don’t seem reasonable.

11.Our club includes people from all walks of life.

12.The death of her five children was a disaster

13.Our story has its settingin ancient Rome.

14.Our holidays never seem to last for good health.

15.Sunshine, fresh air and rest often accelerate a person’s recovery from sickness.

II-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the box:

Careless      colourful      thoughtful   helpful         faithful        successful    harmless


1.     It was very helpful of you to give me a lift.

2.     She remained faithful to her husband all her life. She never betrayed him.

3.     A Careless driver is a danger for us.

4.     The dog seems fierce, but it is harmless because it has never bitten anyone.

5.     Ahmed’s intelligence and hard work make him successful in his life.

6.     Look at this beautiful parrot with colourful wings.

7.     It’s good to be thoughtful to your friends when they are in need of you.



I-Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words from the box:

Deteriorate        faded away           disposable   ancestors     spoiled       poisoning     depressed                  prevented    end up                   incredible

11.Yogurt pots, plastic bottles, and paper plates are disposable products.

12.The bad weather spoiled our holidays last weekend.

13.Gases from cars are poisoning the air of our cities.

14.The machines can deteriorate rapidly if they are not taken care of.

15.Illness prevented him form doing his work.

16.If you continue to steal you’ll end up  in prison.

17.He is so depressedright now because he failed to get a promotion.

18.The incredible amounts of money spent on weapons should be better spent on medical research.

19.Your father, your mother, your grandfather, your grandmother and so on back are your ancestors

20.All my memories of my childhood in the countryside faded awayfrom my mind.


II-Choose the appropriate phrasal verb from the box to replace underlined words in these sentences Make any necessary changes

e.g.    -The baby got upbecause of the sound of the telephone.

          -The baby woke up because of the sound of the telephone                                                                                      

Put off, put on, wake up, hand out, make up, look up

Pick up, turn off, take off, write down

1.     The teacher distributed the prizes among the students.              

ü     The teacher handed out the prizes among the students     

2.     Please, would you lift these newspapers from the floor?                      

ü     Please, would you pick up these newspapers from the floor?

3.     You should remove your shoes in the mosque.                                   

ü     You should take off your shoes in the mosque

4.     I’ll wear my coat today.                                                           

ü     I’ll put on my coat today.

5.     The policeman tookdown my name and my address in his notebook.            

ü     The policeman wrote down my name and my address in his notebook.

6.     He only invented the whole story.

ü     He only made up the whole story.      

7.     He decided to delay our holiday until next week because of bad weather.

ü     He decided to put off our holiday until next week because of bad weather.     

8.     He forgot to switch off the radio.                                                       

ü     He forgot to turn off the radio.

9.     Please, search for the word in your dictionary.                                   

ü     Please, look up for the word in your dictionary.

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